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Nursing Research

What is Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)?

There are many definitions of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). It is the integration of the best research evidence, clinical expertise and patient needs that will result in the best patient outcomes. EBP is an umbrella term that covers evidence-based medicine, evidence-based nursing, evidence-based public health, evidence-based dentistry, etc. Each specialty, however, may have their own approach to implementation.

The term evidence-based medicine was coined in 1990 by Gordon Guyatt from McMaster University in Canada. The Canadian researcher David Sackett then co-authored the article "Evidence based medicine: What it is and what it isn’t" in 1996 with colleagues.  The definition has been refined as "the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values" to achieve optimal clinical outcomes.

From a nursing perspective, Melnyk, Fineout-Overholt, Stillwell & Williamson (2010) define evidence-based practice as "a problem-solving approach to the delivery of health care that integrates best evidence from studies and patient care data with clinician expertise and patient preferences and values."

Learn more about EBP:

Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step      

Collection of articles authored by faculty from the Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation's Center for the Advancement of Evidence-Based Practice. 

EBP Resources

In CINAHL, you can limit search results to Evidence-Based Practice research articles, including clinical trials, meta analyses, and systematic reviews, as well as articles from EBP journals and about EBP.

Check the box below Evidence-Based Practice to select this option. (Right side column in advanced search)


Note: With this limiter you will need to evaluate your results to determine what type of evidence each article contains.